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"Landscape, Histories and Societies in the Northern European Neolithic" presents papers from two sessions of the conference of the European Association of Archaeologists held in 2011 in Olso. The papers of this volume describe new research on the relationships between landscape, history and society in the northern European Neolithic. They focus on the Funnel Beaker complex and related Neolithic contexts, with case studies extending from Poland and the Czech Republic to Norway and Scotland. Several case studies examine the significance of enclosures – from early causewayed enclosures in the north associated with the very beginnings of the Neolithic to the significance of palisade enclosures constructed towards the end of the Neolithic in Scotland and Sweden. The volume also includes new studies on the origin, significance and interpretation of Neolithic burial and megalithic architecture found in a range of landscapes across northern Europe.
Importantly, the volume also outlines the significance of other kinds of places that were not monumentalised in the same way, such as fens, the seashore and the wider environment, in the construction of Neolithic worldview. Finally, it concludes with a series of articles that consider the significance of particular forms of material culture – axes, grinding stones, pottery and food – in social reproduction in the Neolithic of northern Europe. Overall, the volume presents an important body of new data and international perspectives concerning Neolithic societies, histories and landscapes in northern Europe.

Landscapes, Histories and Societies in the Northern European Neolithic. Hrsg. v. Furholt, Martin / Hinz, Martin / Mischka, Doris / Noble, Gordon / Olausson, Deborah. 2014. 317 S., 154 Abb., 32 Tab., 30 cm. (Frühe Monumentalität u. soziale Differenzierung, 4) Pp

ISBN: 978-3-7749-3882-3

Bezug: Verlag Dr. Rudolf Habelt

Content

Preface

7

Introduction

Foreword: Landscapes, histories and societies in the northern European Neolithic

11

Martin Furholt
What is the Funnel Beaker Complex? Persistent troubles with an inconsistent concept

17

The Significance of Enclosure

Håkon Glørsted and Lars Sundström
Hamremoen — an enclosure for the hunter-gatherers?

29

Jari Okkonen
The expression of monumentality among the Neolithic hunter-gatherers in Finland — Remarks on archaeology of giant’s churches

49

Kristian Brink
Palisaded enclosures as arenas of social and political transformation in the Late Middle Neolithic of southernmost Scandinavia

57

Gordon Noble and Kenneth Brophy
Construction, process, environment: altering the landscape in Neolithic lowland Scotland

65

Commemorating the dead

Anja Behrens
The complexity of megalithic graves on the island of Rügen

81

Georg Schafferer
Megaliths and landscapes — Grave architecture
as spatial manifestations of tradition and social identities in northern Germany

91

Anne Brigitte Gebauer
Meanings of Monumentalism at Lønt, Denmark

101

Almut Schülke
Three concepts of burying the dead — different types of megalithic monuments and their ritual and social significance

113

Doris Mischka
Flintbek and the absolute chronology of megalithic graves in the Funnel Beaker North Group

125

Kerstin Schierhold
Landscape between cultures. Westphalia between 4100 and 2700 BC

145

Andrzej Pelisiak
The Funnel Beaker culture: Long barrows as the landscape of the dead within the landscapes of the living

155

Johannes Müller, Hauke Dibbern, Franziska Hage
Non-megalithic mounds beneath megaliths: A new perspective on monumentality in North Central Europe

171

Other kinds of places

Marek Nowak
Identity of FBC societies in the Upper Vistula River Basin

185

Lars Larsson
Neolithic transformations. Relationships between society and landscape

197

Martin Hinz
Same but different? Neolithic economic and cultural change in northern Germany

207

Jan Turek
New evidence of the FBC longhouses from Central Bohemia

219

Åsa Berggren
A sense of place at a fen

227

Kristina Jennbert
The seashore — beyond monumentality. The case of Pitted Ware coastal sites in southern Sweden

235

Objects and their meanings

Susan Hydén
Fragments of life and death — the biography of grinding and polishing stones found in long barrows at the Almhov burial site

247

Deborah Olausson
The “mental” in monumental. Battle Axe culture in megalithic tombs in southern Sweden

261

Tine Schenck
Hunter-gatherers with funnel beakers. Experimental implications for the adoption of pottery in Early Neolithic southern Norway

275

Agnieszka Przybył
The final stages of the Eastern Group of the Funnel Beaker complex in light of the “ceramic data”

289

Lars Larsson and Sven-Gunnar Broström
Stensborg — Mass destruction of axes and cereals reflecting southern contacts of the Funnel Beaker societies in southern Sweden

303